Articles in Taxonomy

Speed control by improving road legibility – Self-explaining road concepts

It is generally accepted that human error is involved in a good many road accidents. Although education, awareness and enforcement are important tools in reducing the number of accidents, it is equally crucial that the road environment and the vehicle should be adapted to the limitations of human abilities.

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Space – Speed Adaption Control by Self-Explaining Roads

The objective of the SPACE project was to identify solutions that offer the greatest potential safety gains. A literature review was made for that purpose, and a panel of experts evaluated a number of promising treatments by means of interactive visual tools and through experiments in a driving simulator.

Skid resistance / Slipperiness

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Skid resistance is defined as the frictional resistance at the interface between a vehicle tyre and the road surface. It plays an important part in the safety of road users: a correlation has been demonstrated between the skid resistance of pavements and accident rates (see the diagram opposite) [of course, there are many other possible causes of accidents: human error, vehicle technical failure, weather conditions, other infrastructure-related factors, etc.]. Wet pavement skid resistance is considered here, since dry pavement skid resistance is rarely a problem. A rough contact between the road and the tyres makes it possible to utilize the friction forces in braking. These friction forces also allow easier cornering. As a result, it is obvious that road managers should pay much attention to skid resisistance and alert road users in time of any local problem with poor skid resistance, and also that they should replace the pavement as soon as possible by an adequately skid-resistant pavement.

Geometric inspection of raised traffic calming devices on public highways: road humps

Raised traffic calming devices (road humps) which are meant to reduce the speed of traffic on public highways to a maximum of 30 km/h have to meet the siting conditions and technical specifications laid down in the royal decree of 3rd May 2002, which has amended a previous royal decree of 9th October 1998. The changes introduced by the new decree consist mainly of tolerances in dimensions.

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Telematics - Intelligent transport systems (ITS) – Vehicle-infrastructure interaction and cooperation

Society yearns for safer, smoother and cleaner traffic. The decrease in public investments, coupled with these justified social expectations, is underlining the need for new answers to the traditional challenges. Road managers and operators are currently working towards a culture of network optimization. These various factors are at the core of the exponential growth of intelligent transport systems (ITS).
BRRC contributes to this area by collecting and disseminating information. A good knowledge of the potential of ITS as an alternative to more traditional, more physical methods, is essential for decision-makers and road planners. These systems, which come in various forms and formats, are intended for the road network as a whole, from motorways to municipal roads.

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